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Title: Synthesis of a base-stock for electrical insulating fluid based on palm kernel oil
Authors: Abdelmalik, A. A.
Abbott, A. P.
Fothergill, John C.
Dodd, Stephen J.
Harris, R. C.
First Published: 24-Dec-2010
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Industrial Crops and Products, 2011, 33 (2), pp. 532-536.
Abstract: This report presents a method for synthesizing base-stock for green industrial product from a vegetable oil with a high composition of unsaturated fatty acids. Epoxy methyl ester of palm kernel oil was synthesized from laboratory purified palm kernel oil using a two-step reaction and the products were used as a base-stock for green electrical insulation fluid. Epoxidized palm kernel oil was first prepared through epoxidation reaction involving purified palm kernel oil, acetic acid and hydrogen peroxide in the presence of amberlite as catalyst which lasted for 4 h. It was then followed by transesterification reaction involving the epoxidized product and methanol in the presence of sodium hydroxide as catalyst to synthesize the corresponding epoxy methyl ester. The thermal and electrical breakdown properties of the epoxy methyl ester demonstrated significantly improved properties for its use as raw material for bio-based industrial products such as electrical insulation fluids.
DOI Link: 10.1016/j.indcrop.2010.11.019
ISSN: 0926-6690
Version: Post-print
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: Copyright © 2010 Elsevier B.V. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Description: NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Industrial Crops and Products. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Industrial Crops and Products, Volume 33, Issue 2, March 2011, Pages 532–536, DOI:,
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Engineering

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