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Title: The Measurement of Very Low Conductivity and Dielectric Loss in XLPE Cables: A Possible Method to Detect Degradation due to Thermal Aging
Authors: Fothergill, John C.
Liu, T.
Dodd, Stephen J.
Dissado, Len A.
Nilson, U.H.
First Published: 10-Oct-2011
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Citation: IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation, 2011, 18 (5), pp. 1544-1553.
Abstract: The dielectric response of crosslinked polyethylene (XLPE) insulated, miniature power cables, extruded with inner and outer semicons, was measured over the frequency range 10-4 to 104 Hz at temperatures from 20 to 100 °C. A dielectric spectrometer was used for the frequency range 10-4 to 10-2 Hz. A bespoke noise-free power supply was constructed and used to measure the dc conductivity and, using a Fourier transform technique, it was also used to measure the very low dielectric tanδ losses encountered at frequencies of 1 to 100 Hz. Tanδ measurements of <;10-5 were found in this frequency range and attributed to a β-mode dielectric relaxation lying above 100 Hz due to motion of chain segments in the amorphous region and an β-mode relaxation lying below 1 Hz window due to twists of chains in the crystal lamellae. The dc conductivity measurements were consistent with those of the dielectric spectrometer and indicate lower dc conductivities in vacuum degassed cables than have been previously reported for XLPE (less than 10-17 S.m-1). The conduction process is thermally activated with an activation energy of approximately 1.1 eV. Higher conductivities were found for non-degassed cables. A transformer ratio bridge was used for measurements in the range 1 to 10 kHz; loss in this region was shown to be due to the series resistance of the semicon layers. Thermal ageing of the cables at 135 °C for 60 days caused significant increases in the conductivity and tanδ and it is considered that such measurements may be a sensitive way of measuring electrical degradation due to thermal aging.
DOI Link: 10.1109/TDEI.2011.6032823
ISSN: 1070-9878
Version: Post-print
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: © 2011 IEEE. Deposited with reference to the publisher's archiving policy available on the SHERPA/RoMEO website. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Engineering

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