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Title: Divided By a Common Concept? Assessing the Implications of Different Conceptualisations of Hate Crime in the European Union
Authors: Garland, Jon
Chakraborti, Neil
First Published: Jan-2012
Publisher: Sage Publications
Citation: European Journal of Criminology, 2012, 9 (1), pp. 38-51
Abstract: In recent years the European Union (EU) has witnessed rising levels of hate crime. However, although there have been a number of legislative and other policy initiatives introduced across the EU to combat such offences, these have developed in a piecemeal and sometimes half-hearted fashion. This article outlines the difficulties evident in theorizing hate crime and how these problems have been reflected in the divergent ways that hate crime legislation has developed across the EU. It argues that an approach to combating hate crime based on human rights, which is endorsed by many EU institutions, has failed to tackle the problem effectively and has resulted in the uneven protection of hate crime victim groups. By utilizing an individual rather than a group-based human rights approach, the damaging nature and effect of such ‘targeted victimization’ upon all hate crime victims can be better understood and addressed.
DOI Link: 10.1177/1477370811421645
ISSN: 1477-3708
eISSN: 1741-2609
Version: Post-print
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: © 2012, SAGE Publications. Deposited with reference to the publisher’s archiving policy available on the SHERPA/RoMEO website.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Criminology

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