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Title: ‘It's a Mosher Just Been Banged for No Reason’: Assessing Targeted Violence Against Goths and the Parameters of Hate Crime
Authors: Garland, Jon
First Published: May-2010
Publisher: Sage Publications
Citation: International Review of Victimology. 2010, 17 (2), pp. 159–177
Abstract: The murder of Sophie Lancaster in August 2007 in Lancashire, England, made national headlines, both for the brutal nature of the assault upon her and also because she had been attacked solely due to her ‘alternative’, gothic appearance. At the trial of her teenage assailants the judge surprisingly referred to the incident as a ‘hate crime’, apparently viewing the targeting of her ‘difference’ as being the key defining factor of what constitutes such a crime. This article will examine the validity of this assumption by analysing the characteristics of the assault upon Lancaster and also the nature, extent and impact of the harassment of goths and ‘alternatives’ more generally. It will assess the degree to which this type of victimisation is similar to that experienced by minority communities, such as gay, transgender, minority ethnic and disabled, who are routinely categorised, by both academics and practitioners, as being hate crime victim groups. The article will conclude that although there are inherent problems with classifying attacks upon goths as hate crimes, it may nonetheless be time to view the targeting of difference as being the most important aspect of what is, and is not, considered a hate crime.
DOI Link: 10.1177/026975801001700202
ISSN: 0269-7580
eISSN: 2047-9433
Version: Post-print
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: © 2010, SAGE Publications on behalf of A B Academic Publishers. Deposited with reference to the publisher’s archiving policy available on the SHERPA/RoMEO website.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Criminology

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