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Title: Masculinity, Marginalization and Violence: A Case Study of the English Defence League
Authors: Treadwell, James
Garland, Jon
First Published: 4-Apr-2011
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Citation: British Journal of Criminology, 2011, 51 (4), pp. 621-634
Abstract: In this article, we use three case studies, undertaken with young, white, working-class men involved in the English Defence League, to examine how they construct a specific form of violent masculinity. We argue that these accounts demonstrate that violence is socio-structurally generated but also individually psychologically justified, because these young men turn experiences of acute inequality and disenchantment into inner psychological scripts that justify their own 'heroic' status when involved in violent confrontation. We suggest that these feelings of disadvantage and marginalization prompt resentment and anger in young males who feel their voices are not being heard. This disenchantment manifests itself through externalized hostility, resentment and fury directed at the scapegoat for their ills: the Islamic 'other'.
DOI Link: 10.1093/bjc/azr027
ISSN: 0007-0955
eISSN: 1464-3529
Version: Post-print
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: © 2011 Oxford University Press. Deposited with reference to the publisher’s archiving policy available on the SHERPA/RoMEO website.
Description: This is a pre-copy-editing, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in British Journal of Criminology following peer review. The definitive publisher-authenticated version British Journal of Criminology, Volume 51, Issue 4, pp. 621-634 is available online at:
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Criminology

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