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Title: The Electrochemistry of Ag in Deep Eutectic Solvents
Authors: Azam, Muhammad
Supervisors: Abbott, Andrew
Award date: 22-Jun-2012
Presented at: University of Leicester
Abstract: A fundamental study in to the correlation of nucleation mechanism with deposit morphology using silver salts as a well behaved system has been carried out in deep eutectic solvents i.e. mixtures of choline chloride (ChCl) with firstly ethylene glycol and secondly urea in a 1:2 molar ratio. The nucleation and growth kinetics of silver deposition were measured as a function of liquid type, deposition potential and silver salt type. The effect of different additives including surfactants (SDS and CTAB) and aqueous brightener (cresyl fast violet-CFV and crystal violet-CV) on nucleation was determined using electrochemical techniques such as cyclic voltammetery and chronoamperometery. Electrogravimetric studies were carried out using electrochemical quartz crystal microbalance (EQCM) to correlate the deposited mass of silver with findings from the electrochemical studies in both solvents. A qualitative evaluation of the nucleation and growth mechanism and quantitative estimation of the kinetic parameters of silver electrocrystallization process was carried out using the existing theoretical formalisms. A computer simulation was used to extract the nuclear number density, rate of nucleation, diffusion co-efficient and influence of the double layer charging by fitting the whole potentiostatic current transients using a ‘non-linear best fitting’ method. The analysis of the development of the surface by nucleation and growth of the silver deposition in real time was studied using the ex-situ AFM and in-situ DHM. The latter of these was the first demonstration of this technique for the study of nucleation and growth mechanism of metal deposition and the results showed good agreement with the ex-situ AFM findings.
Type: Thesis
Level: Doctoral
Qualification: PhD
Rights: Copyright © the author, 2012
Appears in Collections:Theses, Dept. of Chemistry
Leicester Theses

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