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Title: Carbon source/sink information provided by column CO[subscript 2] measurements from the Orbiting Carbon Observatory
Authors: Baker, D. F.
Bösch, H.
Doney, S. C.
O'Brien, D.
Schimel, D. S.
First Published: 2010
Publisher: Copernicus GmbH (Copernicus Publications) on behalf of the European Geosciences Union (EGU).
Citation: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 2010, 10 (9), pp. 4145-4165
Abstract: We quantify how well column-integrated CO[subscript 2] measurements from the Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) should be able to constrain surface CO[subscript 2] fluxes, given the presence of various error sources. We use variational data assimilation to optimize weekly fluxes at a 2°×5° resolution (lat/lon) using simulated data averaged across each model grid box overflight (typically every ~33 s). Grid-scale simulations of this sort have been carried out before for OCO using simplified assumptions for the measurement error. Here, we more accurately describe the OCO measurements in two ways. First, we use new estimates of the single-sounding retrieval uncertainty and averaging kernel, both computed as a function of surface type, solar zenith angle, aerosol optical depth, and pointing mode (nadir vs. glint). Second, we collapse the information content of all valid retrievals from each grid box crossing into an equivalent multi-sounding measurement uncertainty, factoring in both time/space error correlations and data rejection due to clouds and thick aerosols. Finally, we examine the impact of three types of systematic errors: measurement biases due to aerosols, transport errors, and mistuning errors caused by assuming incorrect statistics. When only random measurement errors are considered, both nadir- and glint-mode data give error reductions over the land of ~45% for the weekly fluxes, and ~65% for seasonal fluxes. Systematic errors reduce both the magnitude and spatial extent of these improvements by about a factor of two, however. Improvements nearly as large are achieved over the ocean using glint-mode data, but are degraded even more by the systematic errors. Our ability to identify and remove systematic errors in both the column retrievals and atmospheric assimilations will thus be critical for maximizing the usefulness of the OCO data.
DOI Link: 10.5194/acp-10-4145-2010
ISSN: 1680-7316
eISSN: 1680-7324
Version: Publisher Version
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: © Author(s) 2010. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Physics and Astronomy

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