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|Title:||Modulation of myoepithelial-associated alpha6beta4 integrin in a breast cancer cell line alters invasive potential.|
|Citation:||EXP CELL RES, 1997, 235 (2), pp. 325-333|
|Abstract:||In normal breast, cell-stromal contact is mediated by myoepithelial cells which strongly express alpha2beta1, alpha3beta1, and alpha6beta4 integrins, while epithelial cells exhibit alpha2beta1 and alpha3beta1 integrins at cell-cell borders, but do not express alpha6beta4 integrin. Breast carcinomas consistently show down-regulation of all integrins. We have investigated the modulatory effect of stromal proteins, hormones, and transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) on integrin expression in breast cancer cell lines MCF-7, T47-D, and MDA-MB 231 using indirect immunofluorescence and confocal laser scanning microscopy. MCF-7 and T47-D cells displayed low levels of both alpha2beta1 and alpha3beta1 integrins, and no alpha6beta4 integrin, and this profile remained unchanged by modulatory agents. The MDA-MB 231 cells exhibited stronger staining for alpha2beta1 and alpha3beta1 integrins and focal staining for alpha6beta4 integrin under control conditions, but markedly enhanced reactivity for the alpha6beta4 complex in the presence of TGF-beta. This was associated with acquisition of a spread cellular morphology and localization of alpha6beta4 at the cell periphery in a discrete punctate distribution. There was associated enhanced expression of epiligrin, the ligand for alpha6beta4, with similar localization to the cell periphery. Cell invasion assays through a Matrigel barrier revealed significantly reduced invasive potential of TGF-beta-treated cells, an effect largely reversed following preincubation of the treated cells with anti-beta4 integrin antibody. We conclude that alpha6beta4 integrin can be up-regulated by TGF-beta and has an anti-invasive effect on MDA-MB 231 cells. In addition to alpha6beta4, MDA-MB 231 cells exhibit other myoepithelial markers including cytokeratin 14, vimentin, and weak expression of CALLA. These findings support the concept of a subgroup of breast carcinomas displaying features of myoepithelial differentiation.|
|Appears in Collections:||Published Articles, Dept. of Cancer Studies and Molecular Medicine|
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