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Title: Stereochemical course of biotin-independent malonate decarboxylase catalysis.
Authors: Handa, S
Koo, JH
Kim, YS
Floss, HG
First Published: 1-Oct-1999
Citation: ARCH BIOCHEM BIOPHYS, 1999, 370 (1), pp. 93-96
Abstract: Malonate decarboxylases, which catalyze the conversion of malonate to acetate, can be classified into biotin-dependent and biotin-independent enzymes. In order to reveal the stereochemical course of the reactions catalyzed by the biotin-independent enzymes from Acinetobacter calcoaceticus and Pseudomonas fluorescens, a chiral substrate, malonate carrying (13)C in one carboxyl group and (3)H at one of the methylene positions, was prepared and used in the reactions catalyzed by these two enzymes. The decarboxylation of (R)-[1-(13)C(1), 2-(3)H]malonate in (2)H(2)O gave a pseudo-racemate of chiral acetate which was converted via acetyl-CoA into malate with malate synthase. From the relative proportions of the isotopomers of malate present, determined by (3)H NMR analysis, it was concluded that in the decarboxylation of malonate by these two biotin-independent enzymes COOH is replaced by H with retention of configuration. The same stereochemical outcome had been previously observed for the reaction catalyzed by the biotin-dependent malonate decarboxylase from Malonomonas rubra (J. Micklefield et al. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 117, 1153-1154, 1995).
DOI Link: 10.1006/abbi.1999.1369
ISSN: 0003-9861
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Chemistry

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