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|Title:||Post-transcriptional regulation of VEGF-A mRNA levels by mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) during metabolic stress associated with ischaemia/reperfusion.|
|Citation:||MOL CELL BIOCHEM, 2012, 367 (1-2), pp. 31-42|
|Abstract:||Angiogenesis is a well-characterised response to the metabolic stresses that occur during ischaemia/reperfusion, but the signalling pathways that regulate it are poorly understood. We tested whether activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) was involved in regulating the expression of pro-angiogenic growth factors by the metabolic stresses associated with ischaemia/reperfusion in H9c2 rat cardiomyoblasts. Metabolic stress had no effect on vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) mRNA levels, but recovery after metabolic inhibition led to a strong induction of VEGF-A mRNA (3.8 ± 0.5-fold at 4 h), a modest rise in VEGF-C mRNA levels (1.7 ± 0.3-fold at 4 h), with no effect on VEGF-B or -D. A VEGF-A promoter reporter construct was unresponsive to metabolic inhibition/recovery and increases in VEGF-A mRNA were not blocked by the transcription inhibitor actinomycin D suggesting that increases in VEGF mRNA were due to enhanced VEGF-A mRNA stability. In addition, studies using reporter constructs demonstrated that regions within the 5' untranslated region (UTR) contributed to enhanced mRNA stability following recovery from metabolic stress. Increases in VEGF-A mRNA were abolished by inhibition of extracellular signal-regulated kinase or c-jun N-terminal kinase MAPKs, suggesting that these kinases may promote angiogenesis in response to metabolic stress during ischaemia/reperfusion by increasing VEGF-A message stability.|
|Appears in Collections:||Published Articles, Dept. of Biochemistry|
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