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Title: Plasticity and stability of the visual system in human achiasma.
Authors: Hoffmann, MB
Kaule, FR
Levin, N
Masuda, Y
Kumar, A
Gottlob, I
Horiguchi, H
Dougherty, RF
Stadler, J
Wolynski, B
Speck, O
Kanowski, M
Liao, YJ
Wandell, BA
Dumoulin, SO
First Published: 9-Aug-2012
Citation: NEURON, 2012, 75 (3), pp. 393-401
Abstract: The absence of the optic chiasm is an extraordinary and extreme abnormality in the nervous system. The abnormality produces highly atypical functional responses in the cortex, including overlapping hemifield representations and bilateral population receptive fields in both striate and extrastriate visual cortex. Even in the presence of these large functional abnormalities, the effect on visual perception and daily life is not easily detected. Here, we demonstrate that in two achiasmic humans the gross topography of the geniculostriate and occipital callosal connections remains largely unaltered. We conclude that visual function is preserved by reorganization of intracortical connections instead of large-scale reorganizations of the visual cortex. Thus, developmental mechanisms of local wiring within cortical maps compensate for the improper gross wiring to preserve function in human achiasma.
DOI Link: 10.1016/j.neuron.2012.05.026
eISSN: 1097-4199
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Cardiovascular Sciences

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