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|Title:||Activation of ASK1, downstream MAPKK and MAPK isoforms during cardiac ischaemia.|
|Citation:||BIOCHIM BIOPHYS ACTA, 2010, 1802 (9), pp. 733-740|
|Abstract:||p38 MAPK is activated potently during cardiac ischaemia, although the precise mechanism by which it is activated is unclear. We used the isolated perfused rat heart to investigate the signalling pathways activated upstream of p38 during global cardiac ischaemia. Ischaemia strongly activated p38alpha but not the JNK pathway. The MAPKKs, MKK3, MKK4 and MKK6 have previously been identified as potential upstream activators of p38; however, in the ischaemic perfused heart, we saw activation of MKK3 and MKK6 but not MKK4. MKK3 and MKK6 showed different temporal patterns of activity, indicating distinct modes of activation and physiological function. Consistent with a lack of JNK activation, we saw no activation of MKK4 or MKK7 at any time point during ischaemia. A lack of MKK4 activation indicates, at least in the ischaemic heart, that MKK4 is not a physiologically relevant activator of p38. The MAPKKK, ASK1, was strongly activated late during ischaemia, with a similar time course to that of MKK6 and in ischaemic neonatal cardiac myocytes ASK1 expression preferentially activated MKK6 rather than MKK3. These observations suggest that during ischaemia ASK1 is coupled to p38 activation primarily via MKK6. Potent activation of ASK1 during ischaemia without JNK activation shows that during cardiac ischaemia, ASK1 preferentially activates the p38 pathway. These results demonstrate a specificity of responses seldom seen in previous studies and illustrate the benefits of using direct assays in intact tissues responding to physiologically relevant stimuli to unravel the complexities of MAPK signalling.|
|Appears in Collections:||Published Articles, Dept. of Biochemistry|
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