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|Title:||Protection of cells in physiological oxygen tensions against DNA damage-induced apoptosis.|
de Verdier P. J.
Bowman, Karen J.
Jones, George D. D.
Lee, S. W.
Aaronson, S. A.
|Citation:||J BIOL CHEM, 2010, 285 (18), pp. 13658-13665|
|Abstract:||Oxygen availability has important effects on cell physiology. Although hyperoxic and hypoxic stresses have been well characterized, little is known about cellular functions in the oxygen levels commonly found in vivo. Here, we show that p53-dependent apoptosis in response to different DNA-damaging agents was reduced when normal and cancer cells were cultured at physiological oxygen tensions instead of the usual atmospheric levels. Different from what has been described in hypoxia, this was neither determined by decreases in p53 induction or its transactivation activity, nor by differences in the intracellular accumulation of reactive oxygen species. At these physiological oxygen levels, we found a constitutive activation of the ERK1/2 MAPK in all the models studied. Inhibition of this signaling pathway reversed the protective effect in some but not all cell lines. We conclude that a stress-independent constitutive activation of prosurvival pathways, including but probably not limited to MAPK, can protect cells in physiological oxygen tensions against genotoxic stress. Our results underscore the need of considering the impact of oxygen levels present in the tissue microenvironment when studying cell sensitivity to treatments such as chemotherapy and radiotherapy.|
|Rights:||Archived with reference to SHERPA/RoMEO and publisher website. This research was originally published in THE JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY VOL. 285, NO. 18, pp. 13658 –13665, April 30, 2010 © the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. Version of record: http://www.jbc.org/content/285/18/13658|
|Appears in Collections:||Published Articles, Dept. of Biochemistry|
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