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Title: Crystal structure of the human O-6-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase
Authors: Wibley, Jane E. A.
Pegg, A. E.
Moody, Peter C. E.
First Published: 15-Jan-2000
Publisher: Oxford University Press (OUP)
Citation: Nucleic Acids Research, 2000, 28 (2), pp. 393-401
Abstract: The mutagenic and carcinogenic effects of simple alkylating agents are mainly due to O6-alkylation of guanine in DNA. This lesion results in transition mutations. In both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, repair is effected by direct reversal of the damage by a suicide protein, O6-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase. The alkyltransferase removes the alkyl group to one of its own cysteine residues. However, this mechanism for preserving genomic integrity limits the effectiveness of certain alkylating anticancer agents. A high level of the alkyltransferase in many tumour cells renders them resistant to such drugs. Here we report the X-ray structure of the human alkyltransferase solved using the technique of multiple wavelength anomalous dispersion. This structure explains the markedly different specificities towards various O6-alkyl lesions and inhibitors when compared with the Escherichia coli protein (for which the structure has already been determined). It is also used to interpret the behaviour of certain mutant alkyltransferases to enhance biochemical understanding of the protein. Further examination of the various models proposed for DNA binding is also permitted. This structure may be useful for the design and refinement of drugs as chemoenhancers of alkylating agent chemotherapy.
DOI Link: 10.1093/nar/28.2.393
ISSN: 0305-1048
eISSN: 1362-4962
Type: Journal Article
Rights: Archived with reference to SHERPA/RoMEO and publisher website.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Biochemistry

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