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Title: Human parainfluenza virus 3 neuraminidase activity contributes to dendritic cell maturation.
Authors: Horga, MA
Macip, S
Tuyama, AC
Tan, MC
Gusella, GL
First Published: 2005
Citation: VIRAL IMMUNOL, 2005, 18 (3), pp. 523-533
Abstract: Mechanisms of dendritic cells (DCs) immunomodulation by parainfluenza viruses have not been characterized. We analyzed whether the human parainfluenza 3 (HPF3) virus hemagglutinin-neuraminidase glycoprotein (HN) might influence DC maturation. HN possesses a receptor binding function and a neuraminidase or desialidating activity. To assess whether the neuraminidase activity of HN affects DC maturation, human myeloid DCs were exposed to either live or UV-inactivated HPF3 viruses containing wild type or a mutated form of HN with decreased neuraminidase activity. Exposure of human DCs to either UV-inactivated or live virus induced up-regulation of CD83 and CD86 surface markers, morphological changes, and a cytokine expression pattern consistent with maturation. However, the level of maturation was found to be lower in DCs infected with the neuraminidase deficient variant as compared to the wild type. These results suggest that during the course of viral infection, HN's neuraminidase activity may play an important role contributing to maturation and activation of DCs.
DOI Link: 10.1089/vim.2005.18.523
ISSN: 0882-8245
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Biochemistry

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