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Title: SUR2A C-terminal fragments reduce KATP currents and ischaemic tolerance of rat cardiac myocytes.
Authors: Rainbow, RD
Lodwick, D
Hudman, D
Davies, NW
Norman, RI
Standen, NB
First Published: 15-Jun-2004
Citation: J PHYSIOL, 2004, 557 (Pt 3), pp. 785-794
Abstract: C-terminal fragments of the sulphonylurea receptor SUR2A can alter the functional expression of cloned ATP-sensitive K(+) channels (K(ATP)). To investigate the protective role of K(ATP) channels during metabolic stress we transfected SUR2A fragments into adult rat cardiac myocytes. A fragment comprising residues 1294-1358, the A-fragment, reduced sarcolemmal K(ATP) currents by over 85% after 2 days (pinacidil-activated current densities were: vector alone 7.04 +/- 1.22; and A-fragment 0.94 +/- 0.07 pA pF(-1), n= 6,6, P < 0.001). An inactive fragment (1358-1545, current density 6.30 +/- 0.85 pA pF(-1), n= 6) was used as a control. During metabolic inhibition (CN and iodoacetate) of isolated myocytes stimulated at 1 Hz, the A-fragment delayed action potential shortening and contractile failure, but accelerated rigor contraction and increased Ca(2+) loading. On reperfusion, A-fragment-transfected cells also showed increased intracellular Ca(2+) and the proportion of cells recovering contractile function was reduced from 40.0 to 9.5% (P < 0.01). The protective effect of pretreatment with 2,4-dinitrophenol, measured from increased functional recovery and reduced Ca(2+) loading, was abolished by the A-fragment. Our data are consistent with a role for K(ATP) channels in causing action potential failure and reduced Ca(2+) loading during metabolic stress, and with a major role in protection by preconditioning. The effects of the A-fragment may arise entirely from reduced expression of the sarcolemmal K(ATP) channel, but we also discuss the possibility of mitochondrial effects.
DOI Link: 10.1113/jphysiol.2004.061655
ISSN: 0022-3751
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Medical and Social Care Education

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