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Title: Inflammatory cell microlocalisation and airway dysfunction: cause and effect?
Authors: Siddiqui, S
Hollins, F
Saha, S
Brightling, CE
First Published: Dec-2007
Citation: EUR RESPIR J, 2007, 30 (6), pp. 1043-1056
Abstract: Airway inflammation is a critical feature of the airway diseases asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). There is emerging evidence that structural cells play a key role in the development and perpetuation of the inflammatory response and are pivotal in the development of the changes in the airway structures that lead to airway remodelling. To date, little attention has been given to the localisation of inflammatory cells to airway structures or the potential interactions between these intimately located cells. However, it is likely that interactions between inflammatory and structural cells in the airway contribute enormously to the pathophysiology of asthma and COPD. Indeed, recent evidence suggests that mast cells localised to the airway smooth muscle bundle may be important in the development of airway hyperresponsiveness in asthma. In the present article, the authors aim to summarise: 1) the current understanding of which inflammatory cells locate to airway structures; 2) the proposed mechanisms that may be involved in mediating this microlocalisation; 3) the possible consequences of interactions between inflammatory and structural cells; and 4) the pressing need to investigate whether modulating these interactions is beneficial in asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
DOI Link: 10.1183/09031936.00162506
ISSN: 0903-1936
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Infection, Immunity and Inflammation

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