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Title: Nanoarchaeal 16S rRNA gene sequences are widely dispersed in hyperthermophilic and mesophilic halophilic environments.
Authors: Casanueva, A
Galada, N
Baker, GC
Grant, WD
Heaphy, S
Jones, B
Yanhe, M
Ventosa, A
Blamey, J
Cowan, DA
First Published: Sep-2008
Citation: EXTREMOPHILES, 2008, 12 (5), pp. 651-656
Abstract: The Nanoarchaeota, proposed as the fourth sub-division of the Archaea in 2002, are known from a single isolate, Nanoarchaeum equitans, which exists in a symbiotic association with the hyperthermophilic Crenarchaeote, Ignicoccus. N. equitans fails to amplify with standard archaeal 16S PCR primers and can only be amplified using specifically designed primers. We have designed a new set of universal archaeal primers that amplify the 16S rRNA gene of all four archaeal sub-divisions, and present two new sets of Nanoarchaeota-specific primers based on all known nanoarchaeal 16S rRNA gene sequences. These primers can be used to detect N. equitans and have generated nanoarchaeal amplicons from community DNA extracted from Chinese, New Zealand, Chilean and Tibetan hydrothermal sites. Sequence analysis indicates that these environments harbour novel nanoarchaeal phylotypes, which, however, do not cluster into clear phylogeographical clades. Mesophilic hypersaline environments from Inner Mongolia and South Africa were analysed using the nanoarchaeal-specific primers and found to contain a number of nanoarchaeal phylotypes. These results suggest that nanoarchaeotes are not strictly hyperthermophilic organisms, are not restricted to hyperthermophilic hosts and may be found in a large range of environmental conditions.
DOI Link: 10.1007/s00792-008-0170-x
ISSN: 1431-0651
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Infection, Immunity and Inflammation

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