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Title: O-glycosylation of serum IgD in IgA nephropathy.
Authors: Smith, AC
de Wolff JF
Molyneux, K
Feehally, J
Barratt, J
First Published: Apr-2006
Citation: J AM SOC NEPHROL, 2006, 17 (4), pp. 1192-1199
Abstract: In IgA nephropathy (IgAN), serum IgA1 with abnormal O-glycosylation preferentially deposits in the glomerular mesangium. The control of O-glycosylation is poorly understood. Among Ig isotypes, only IgD, produced early in B cell development, and IgA1, produced by mature B cells, are O-glycosylated. For investigation of the stage of B cell maturation at which the defect seen in IgAN arises, the O-glycosylation of serum IgA1 and IgD was studied in IgAN and controls. Serum was obtained from 20 patients with IgAN and 20 control subjects. The O-glycosylation profiles of native and desialylated IgA1 and IgD were measured in an ELISA-type system using the lectins Helix aspersa and peanut agglutinin, which bind to alternative forms of O-glycan moieties. The lectin-binding patterns of the two immunoglobulins differed in all participants, with that of IgD suggesting that it is more heavily galactosylated than IgA1. Defective O-glycosylation of IgA1, probably taking the form of reduced galactosylation, was confirmed in IgAN in this study. This undergalactosylation was not shared by IgD; in contrast, IgD carried more galactosylated O-glycans in IgAN than controls. The contrasting lectin-binding patterns of IgA1 and IgD shows that Ig O-glycosylation is differentially controlled during B cell maturation. Compared with controls, O-glycosylation in IgAN is incomplete in IgA1 but more complete in IgD. These observations show that abnormal IgA1 O-glycosylation in IgAN is not due to an inherent defect in glycosylation mechanisms but arises only at a later stage in B cell development and may be secondary to aberrant immunoregulation.
DOI Link: 10.1681/ASN.2005101115
ISSN: 1046-6673
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Infection, Immunity and Inflammation

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