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Title: Human lung mast cells mediate pneumococcal cell death in response to activation by pneumolysin.
Authors: Cruse, G
Fernandes, VE
de Salort J
Pankhania, D
Marinas, MS
Brewin, H
Andrew, PW
Bradding, P
Kadioglu, A
First Published: 15-Jun-2010
Citation: J IMMUNOL, 2010, 184 (12), pp. 7108-7115
Abstract: Mast cells are emerging as contributors to innate immunity. Mouse mast cells have a pivotal role in protection against bacterial infection, and human cord blood-derived mast cells reduce bacterial viability in culture. The objectives of this study were to determine whether human lung mast cells (HLMCs) might be protective against pneumococcal lung infection through direct antimicrobial activity. Tissue-derived HLMCs and the human mast cell lines HMC-1 and LAD2 were cocultured with wild-type and mutant pneumococci, and viability and functional assays were performed. Mast cells were also stimulated with purified pneumolysin. HLMCs killed wild-type serotype-2 (D39) pneumococci in coculture but had no effect on an isogenic pneumolysin-deficient (PLN-A) pneumococcus. D39 wild-type, but not PLN-A pneumococci, induced the release of leukotriene C4 from human mast cells in a dose-dependent manner, which was not accompanied by histamine release. Stimulation of mast cells with sublytic concentrations of purified pneumolysin replicated this effect. Furthermore, pneumolysin induced the release of the cathelicidin LL-37 from HLMCs, purified LL-37 reduced pneumococcal viability, and neutralizing Ab to LL-37 attenuated mast cell-dependent pneumococcal killing. In addition, at high concentrations, all pneumococcal strains tested reduced HLMC viability through a combination of pneumolysin and H2O2-dependent mechanisms. HLMCs exhibit direct antimicrobial activity to pneumococci through their activation by pneumolysin. This antimicrobial activity is mediated, in part, by the release of LL-37 from HLMCs. This suggests that mast cells provide an early warning system and potentially limit pneumococcal dissemination early in the course of invasive pulmonary pneumococcal disease.
DOI Link: 10.4049/jimmunol.0900802
eISSN: 1550-6606
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Infection, Immunity and Inflammation

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