Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2381/15285
Title: Quantitative analysis of high-resolution computed tomography scans in severe asthma subphenotypes
Authors: Gupta, Sumit
Siddiqui, Salman
Haldar, Pranab
Entwisle, James J.
Mawby, Dean
Wardlaw, Andrew J.
Bradding, Peter
Pavord, Ian D.
Green, Ruth H.
Brightling, Christopher E.
First Published: Sep-2010
Publisher: BMJ Publishing Group
Citation: Thorax, 2010, 65 (9), pp. 775-781
Abstract: Background: Severe asthma is a heterogeneous condition. Airway remodelling is a feature of severe asthma and can be determined by the assessment of high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) scans. The aim of this study was to assess whether airway remodelling is restricted to specific subphenotypes of severe asthma. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed of HRCT scans from subjects who had attended a singlecentre severe asthma clinic between 2003 and 2008. The right upper lobe apical segmental bronchus (RB1) dimensions were measured and the clinical and sputum inflammatory characteristics associated with RB1 geometry were assessed by univariate and multivariate regression analyses. Longitudinal sputum data were available and were described as area under the time curve (AUC). Comparisons were made in RB1 geometry across subjects in four subphenotypes determined by cluster analysis, smokers and non-smokers, and subjects with and without persistent airflow obstruction. Results: Ninety-nine subjects with severe asthma and 16 healthy controls were recruited. In the subjects with severe asthma the RB1 percentage wall area (%WA) was increased (p¼0.009) and lumen area (LA)/body surface area (BSA) was decreased (p¼0.008) compared with controls but was not different across the four subphenotypes. Airway geometry was not different between smokers and non-smokers and RB1 %WA was increased in those with persistent airflow obstruction. RB1 %WA in severe asthma was best associated with airflow limitation and persistent neutrophilic airway inflammation (model R2¼0.27, p¼0.001). Conclusions: Airway remodelling of proximal airways occurs in severe asthma and is associated with impaired lung function and neutrophilic airway inflammation.
DOI Link: 10.1136/thx.2010.136374
ISSN: 0040-6376
eISSN: 1468-3296
Links: http://hdl.handle.net/2381/15285
http://thorax.bmj.com/content/65/9/775
Version: Publisher Version
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial License, which permits use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non commercial and is otherwise in compliance with the license. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.0/ and http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.0/legalcode.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Infection, Immunity and Inflammation

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