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Title: Cyclosporine and rapamycin act in a synergistic and dose-dependent manner in a model of immunosuppressant-induced kidney damage.
Authors: Brook, NR
Waller, JR
Bicknell, GR
Nicholson, ML
First Published: Mar-2005
Citation: TRANSPLANT PROC, 2005, 37 (2), pp. 837-838
Abstract: The combination of cyclosporine (CSA) and rapamycin (RAPA) is a potent and commonly used approach to immunosuppression following solid-organ transplantation. By applying varying doses of CSA and RAPA to the rat salt-depleted model, we aimed to find a dose combination that favored antiproliferation/antifibrosis rather than toxicity. Male Sprague-Dawley rats (350 to 500 g) were salt-depleted for 7 days prior to commencing CSA and RAPA treatment. Serum creatinine and urinary protein/creatinine ratios were measured. Fibrosis was estimated with Sirius red staining of extracellular collagen. mRNA expression of TGF-beta, MMP-2, MMP-9, TIMP-1, and collagen III was assessed with reverse transcriptase PCR. A rise in serum creatinine at 7 and 28 days was observed for CSA 15 mg/kg/d (P = .002) but not CSA 7.5 mg (P = .06) or RAPA 1 mg (P = .69) compared to controls. Twenty-four-hour urinary protein excretion was unchanged compared to controls for all drug doses and combinations. Of the dose combinations, CSA 7.5 mg/d + RAPA 0.5 mg/d produced the lowest serum creatinine for all time points, and inhibited profibrotic TIMP-1 (P = .017), while increasing antifibrotic MMP-2 (P = .009) mRNA expression, compared to CSA treatment alone. Expression of TGF-beta and collagen III was unaltered between groups. CSA treatment produced molecular and biochemical changes indicating renal damage. Addition of RAPA can attenuate this damage, but only with a dose reduction of both agents. The most favorable results were for the dose combination CSA 7.5 mg/kg/d plus RAPA 0.5 mg/kg/d.
DOI Link: 10.1016/j.transproceed.2004.12.147
ISSN: 0041-1345
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Infection, Immunity and Inflammation

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