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Title: Dosage suppression of the Kluyveromyces lactis zymocin by Saccharomyces cerevisiae ISR1 and UGP1.
Authors: Mehlgarten, C
Zink, S
Rutter, J
Schaffrath, R
First Published: Aug-2007
Citation: FEMS YEAST RES, 2007, 7 (5), pp. 722-730
Abstract: The Kluyveromyces lactis zymocin complex kills Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells in a process that involves tRNA cleavage by its tRNAse gamma-toxin subunit. In contrast to the gamma-toxin mode of action, the early steps of the zymocin response are less well characterized. Here, we present high-dosage suppressors of zymocin that encode a putative Pkc1-related kinase (ISR1) and UDP-glucose pyrophosphorylase (UGPase) (UGP1). Anti-UGPase Western blots and GAL10 - ISR1 overexpression suggest that zymocin suppression correlates with overproduction of UGPase or Isr1. As judged from protection against exo-zymocin and unaltered sensitivity to endogenous gamma-toxin, high-copy ISR1 and UGP1 operate in early, nontarget steps of the zymocin pathway. Consistent with a recent report on in vitro phosphorylation of Isr1 and UGPase by the CDK Pho85, high-copy ISR1 and UGP1 suppression of zymocin is abolished in a pho85 null mutant lacking CDK activity of Pho85. Moreover, suppression requires UGPase enzyme activity, and ISR1 overexpression also protects against CFW, a chitin-interfering poison. Our data agree with roles for UGPase in cell wall biosynthetic processes and for Isr1 in Pkc1-related cell wall integrity. In sum, high-copy ISR1 and UGP1 cells affect early steps of the zymocin response and potentially prevent the lethal K. lactis killer complex from establishing cell surface recognition and/or contact.
DOI Link: 10.1111/j.1567-1364.2007.00216.x
ISSN: 1567-1356
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Genetics

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