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|Title:||The CaCTR1 gene is required for high-affinity iron uptake and is transcriptionally controlled by a copper-sensing transactivator encoded by CaMAC1.|
|Citation:||MICROBIOLOGY, 2004, 150 (Pt 7), pp. 2197-2208|
|Abstract:||The ability of Candida albicans to acquire iron from the hostile environment of the host is known to be necessary for virulence and appears to be achieved using a similar system to that described for Saccharomyces cerevisiae. In S. cerevisiae, high-affinity iron uptake is dependent upon the acquisition of copper. The authors have previously identified a C. albicans gene (CaCTR1) that encodes a copper transporter. Deletion of this gene results in a mutant strain that grows predominantly as pseudohyphae and displays aberrant morphology in low-copper conditions. This paper demonstrates that invasive growth by C. albicans is induced by low-copper conditions and that this is augmented in a Cactr1-null strain. It also shows that deletion of CaCTR1 results in defective iron uptake. In S. cerevisiae, genes that facilitate high-affinity copper uptake are controlled by a copper-sensing transactivator, ScMac1p. The authors have now identified a C. albicans gene (CaMAC1) that encodes a copper-sensing transactivator. A Camac1-null mutant displays phenotypes similar to those of a Cactr1-null mutant and has no detectable CaCTR1 transcripts in low-copper conditions. It is proposed that high-affinity copper uptake by C. albicans is necessary for reductive iron uptake and is transcriptionally controlled by CaMac1p in a similar manner to that in S. cerevisiae.|
|Appears in Collections:||Published Articles, Dept. of Genetics|
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