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Title: A predominantly neolithic origin for European paternal lineages
Authors: Balaresque, Patricia
Bowden, Georgina R.
Adams, Susan M.
Leung, Ho-Yee
King, Turi E.
Rosser, Zoë H.
Goodwin, J.
Moisan, J. P.
Richard, C.
Millward, A.
Demaine, A. G.
Barbujani, G.
Previderè, C.
Wilson, I. J.
Tyler-Smith, C.
Jobling, Mark A.
First Published: 19-Jan-2010
Citation: PLoS Biology, 2010, 8 (1), e1000285
Abstract: The relative contributions to modern European populations of Paleolithic hunter-gatherers and Neolithic farmers from the Near East have been intensely debated. Haplogroup R1b1b2 (R-M269) is the commonest European Y-chromosomal lineage, increasing in frequency from east to west, and carried by 110 million European men. Previous studies suggested a Paleolithic origin, but here we show that the geographical distribution of its microsatellite diversity is best explained by spread from a single source in the Near East via Anatolia during the Neolithic. Taken with evidence on the origins of other haplogroups, this indicates that most European Y chromosomes originate in the Neolithic expansion. This reinterpretation makes Europe a prime example of how technological and cultural change is linked with the expansion of a Y-chromosomal lineage, and the contrast of this pattern with that shown by maternally inherited mitochondrial DNA suggests a unique role for males in the transition.
DOI Link: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1000285
ISSN: 1544-9173
eISSN: 1545-7885
Version: Publisher Version
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: Copyright © 2010 Balaresque et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, School of Historical Studies

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