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|Title:||A predominantly neolithic origin for European paternal lineages|
Bowden, Georgina R.
Adams, Susan M.
King, Turi E.
Rosser, Zoë H.
Moisan, J. P.
Demaine, A. G.
Wilson, I. J.
Jobling, Mark A.
|Citation:||PLoS Biology, 2010, 8 (1), e1000285|
|Abstract:||The relative contributions to modern European populations of Paleolithic hunter-gatherers and Neolithic farmers from the Near East have been intensely debated. Haplogroup R1b1b2 (R-M269) is the commonest European Y-chromosomal lineage, increasing in frequency from east to west, and carried by 110 million European men. Previous studies suggested a Paleolithic origin, but here we show that the geographical distribution of its microsatellite diversity is best explained by spread from a single source in the Near East via Anatolia during the Neolithic. Taken with evidence on the origins of other haplogroups, this indicates that most European Y chromosomes originate in the Neolithic expansion. This reinterpretation makes Europe a prime example of how technological and cultural change is linked with the expansion of a Y-chromosomal lineage, and the contrast of this pattern with that shown by maternally inherited mitochondrial DNA suggests a unique role for males in the transition.|
|Rights:||Copyright © 2010 Balaresque et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.|
|Appears in Collections:||Published Articles, School of Historical Studies|
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