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Title: Human ClCa1 modulates anionic conduction of calcium-dependent chloride currents.
Authors: Hamann, M
Gibson, A
Davies, N
Jowett, A
Walhin, JP
Partington, L
Affleck, K
Trezise, D
Main, M
First Published: 15-May-2009
Citation: J PHYSIOL, 2009, 587 (Pt 10), pp. 2255-2274
Abstract: Proteins of the CLCA gene family including the human ClCa1 (hClCa1) have been suggested to constitute a new family of chloride channels mediating Ca(2+)-dependent Cl- currents. The present study examines the relationship between the hClCa1 protein and Ca(2+)-dependent Cl- currents using heterologous expression of hClCa1 in HEK293 and NCIH522 cell lines and whole cell recordings. By contrast to previous reports claiming the absence of Cl- currents in HEK293 cells, we find that HEK293 and NCIH522 cell lines express constitutive Ca(2+)-dependent Cl- currents and show that hClCa1 increases the amplitude of Ca(2+)-dependent Cl- currents in those cells. We further show that hClCa1 does not modify the permeability sequence but increases the Cl- conductance while decreasing the G(SCN-)/G(Cl-) conductance ratio from approximately 2-3 to approximately 1. We use an Eyring rate theory (two barriers, one site channel) model and show that the effect of hClCa1 on the anionic channel can be simulated by its action on lowering the first and the second energy barriers. We conclude that hClCa1 does not form Ca(2+)-dependent Cl- channels per se or enhance the trafficking/insertion of constitutive channels in the HEK293 and NCIH522 expression systems. Rather, hClCa1 elevates the single channel conductance of endogenous Ca(2+)-dependent Cl- channels by lowering the energy barriers for ion translocation through the pore.
DOI Link: 10.1113/jphysiol.2009.170159
eISSN: 1469-7793
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Cell Physiology and Pharmacology

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