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Title: Muscarinic acetylcholine receptor activation enhances hippocampal neuron excitability and potentiates synaptically evoked Ca(2+) signals via phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate depletion.
Authors: Young, KW
Billups, D
Nelson, CP
Johnston, N
Willets, JM
Schell, MJ
Challiss, RA
Nahorski, SR
First Published: Sep-2005
Citation: MOL CELL NEUROSCI, 2005, 30 (1), pp. 48-57
Abstract: Using single cell Ca(2+) imaging and whole cell current clamp recordings, this study aimed to identify the signal transduction mechanisms involved in mACh receptor-mediated, enhanced synaptic signaling in primary cultures of hippocampal neurons. Activation of M(1) mACh receptors produced a 2.48 +/- 0.26-fold enhancement of Ca(2+) transients arising from spontaneous synaptic activity in hippocampal neurons. Combined imaging of spontaneous Ca(2+) signals with inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP(3)) production in single neurons demonstrated that the methacholine (MCh)-mediated enhancement required activated G(q/11)alpha subunits and phospholipase C activity but did not require measurable increases in IP(3). Electrophysiological studies demonstrated that MCh treatment depolarized neurons from -64 +/- 3 to -45 +/- 3 mV and increased action potential generation. Depletion of plasma membrane phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP(2)) enhanced neuronal excitability and prolonged the action of MCh. These studies suggest that, in addition to producing the second messengers IP(3) and diacylglycerol, mACh receptor activation may directly utilize PIP(2) hydrolysis to regulate neuronal excitability.
DOI Link: 10.1016/j.mcn.2005.05.006
ISSN: 1044-7431
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Cell Physiology and Pharmacology

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