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Title: Oxidative stress and cyclooxygenase activity in prostate carcinogenesis: targets for chemopreventive strategies.
Authors: Pathak, SK
Sharma, RA
Steward, WP
Mellon, JK
Griffiths, TR
Gescher, AJ
First Published: Jan-2005
Citation: EUR J CANCER, 2005, 41 (1), pp. 61-70
Abstract: Over the last decade, epidemiological, experimental and clinical studies have implicated oxidative stress in the development and progression of prostate cancer. Oxidative stress may be linked to the effects of androgens, anti-oxidant systems and the pre-malignant condition, high-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia. Cyclooxygenase-2 activity has been linked with prostate carcinogenesis. Evidence suggests that oxidative stress and cyclo-oxygenase-2 activity may be mechanistically linked. Agents such as anti-oxidants and cyclo-oxgenase-2 inhibitors may be of value in the chemoprevention of prostate cancer. The feasibility of intervention with such agents will depend on the development and validation of biomarkers for clinical trials, particularly markers of oxidative damage caused by reactive oxygen species (ROS). A greater understanding of the molecular events associated with oxidative stress will enhance the development of such biomarkers and should result in better strategies for the chemoprevention of prostate cancer.
DOI Link: 10.1016/j.ejca.2004.09.028
ISSN: 0959-8049
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Cancer Studies and Molecular Medicine

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