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|Title:||The role of the endocannabinoid system in gametogenesis, implantation and early pregnancy.|
|Citation:||HUM REPROD UPDATE, 2007, 13 (5), pp. 501-513|
|Abstract:||Maternal use of marijuana, in which the exocannabinoid Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol is the most active psychoactive ingredient, is known to have adverse effects on various aspects of reproduction including ovulation, spermatogenesis, implantation and pregnancy duration. Endogenous cannabinoids of which Anandamide is the prototype are widely distributed in the body especially in the reproductive tract and pregnancy tissues and act through the same receptors as the receptor as Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol. Anandamide, has been reported to have pleiotropic effects on human reproduction and in experimental animal models. It appears to be the important neuro-cytokine mediator synchronizing the embryo-endometrial development for timed implantation, the development of the embryo into the blastocyst and transport of the embryo across the fallopian tubes. The mechanisms by which it exerts these effects are unclear but could be via direct actions on the various sites within the reproductive system or its differential actions on vascular tone dependent. In this review article we bring together the current knowledge on the role of endoccanabinoids in reproduction and postulate on the potential mechanisms on how these affect reproduction. In addition, we examine its role on the endothelium and vascular smooth muscle as a potential mechanism for adverse pregnancy outcome.|
|Appears in Collections:||Published Articles, Dept. of Cancer Studies and Molecular Medicine|
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