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Title: N- and C-terminal modifications of nociceptin/orphanin FQ generate highly potent NOP receptor ligands.
Authors: Guerrini, R
Caló, G
Lambert, DG
Carrá, G
Arduin, M
Barnes, TA
McDonald, J
Rizzi, D
Trapella, C
Marzola, E
Rowbotham, DJ
Regoli, D
Salvadori, S
First Published: 10-Mar-2005
Citation: J MED CHEM, 2005, 48 (5), pp. 1421-1427
Abstract: Previous structure-activity studies on nociceptin/orphanin FQ (N/OFQ) identified [Phe(1)Psi(CH(2)NH)Gly(2)]N/OFQ(1-13)-NH(2) and [Nphe(1)]N/OFQ(1-13)-NH(2) as a N/OFQ peptide receptor (NOP) partial agonist and pure antagonist, respectively. The addition of fluorine to the Phe(4) or the insertion of a further pair of basic amino acids Arg(14)-Lys(15) generate potent agonists. On the basis of these findings, we combined in the N/OFQ-NH(2) template the chemical modifications Arg(14)-Lys(15) and (pF)Phe(4) that increase the agonist potency with those conferring partial agonist (Phe(1)Psi(CH(2)NH)Gly(2)) or pure antagonist (Nphe(1)) properties. Twelve peptides were synthesized and pharmacologically evaluated in Chinese hamster ovary cells expressing the human recombinant NOP and in electrically stimulated mouse vas deferens and guinea pig ileum assays. All peptides behaved as NOP ligands; the chemical modifications Arg(14)-Lys(15) and (pF)Phe(4) increased ligand affinity/potency. Peptides with the normal Phe(1)-Gly(2) peptide bond behaved as full agonists, and those with the Phe(1)Psi(CH(2)NH)Gly(2) modification behaved as partial agonists, while those with the Nphe(1) modification behaved as partial agonists or pure antagonists depending on the presence or absence of the (pF)Phe(4) modification, respectively. The full agonist [(pF)Phe(4),Arg(14),Lys(15)]N/OFQ-NH(2), the partial agonist [Phe(1)Psi(CH(2)NH)Gly(2),(pF)Phe(4),Arg(14),Lys(15)]N/OFQ-NH(2), and the pure antagonist [Nphe(1),Arg(14),Lys(15)]N/OFQ-NH(2) represent the most potent peptide ligands for NOP.
DOI Link: 10.1021/jm040106v
ISSN: 0022-2623
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Cardiovascular Sciences

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