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|Title:||In vitro pharmacological characterisation of a novel cyclic nociceptin/orphanin FQ analogue c[Cys(7,10)]N/OFQ(1-13)NH (2).|
|Citation:||NAUNYN SCHMIEDEBERGS ARCH PHARMACOL, 2007, 375 (6), pp. 369-376|
|Abstract:||Nociceptin/orphanin FQ (N/OFQ) is the endogenous 17 amino acid peptide ligand for the G(i)-protein-coupled N/OFQ receptor (NOP). In an attempt to improve the metabolic stability of N/OFQ, we have produced a truncated cyclic analogue with cysteine residues at positions 7 and 10, c[Cys(7,10)]N/OFQ(1-13)NH(2) (c[Cys(7,10)]). c[Cys(7,10)], the template N/OFQ(1-13)NH(2) and N/OFQ displaced the binding of [(3)H]N/OFQ to Chinese hamster ovary cells expressing recombinant human NOP (CHO(hNOP)) with pK ( i ) values of 9.98, 9.83 and 9.18, respectively. In addition, c[Cys(7,10)], N/OFQ(1-13)NH(2) and N/OFQ stimulated the binding of guanosine triphosphate gamma [(35)S] to CHO(hNOP) cells with pEC(50)/E (max) (stimulation factor) of 9.16/5.5, 9.11/4.9 and 8.35/5.5, respectively. c[Cys(7,10)], N/OFQ(1-13)NH(2) and N/OFQ inhibited forskolin-stimulated cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) formation with pEC(50) values of 10.08, 10.11 and 9.78, respectively. All ligands produced complete inhibition of cAMP formation. In both functional assays, c[Cys(7,10)] was a full agonist. In a series of metabolism experiments, incubation of 1 nM c[Cys(7,10)], N/OFQ(1-13)NH(2) and N/OFQ with a rat brain homogenate produced a time-dependent loss of peptide that was greatest for the native peptide N/OFQ. Amidation in N/OFQ(1-13)NH(2) produced some metabolic protection, but this was not significantly improved by further inclusion of c[Cys(7,10)]. In summary, c[Cys(7,10)] is a high-affinity, high-potency full agonist of the NOP receptor. However, we were unable to demonstrate clear metabolic protection.|
|Appears in Collections:||Published Articles, Dept. of Cardiovascular Sciences|
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