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Title: Chromosome 1 blood pressure QTL region influences renal function curve and salt sensitivity in SHR.
Authors: Lo, M
Liu, KL
Clemitson, JR
Sassard, J
Samani, NJ
First Published: 11-Feb-2002
Citation: PHYSIOL GENOMICS, 2002, 8 (1), pp. 15-21
Abstract: One or more quantitative trait locus (QTL) for blood pressure (BP) exists on rat chromosome 1, in the vicinity of the Sa gene. The present work examined whether this QTL region: 1) alters pressure-natriuresis relationship and 2) affects the BP response to salt load. Male spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats, and rats from an SHR congenic strain that contains a WKY chromosome 1 segment spanning the BP QTL region (SHR. WKY-Sa) were used. In an acute study in anesthetized animals, renal function was measured at several levels of renal perfusion pressure. In a chronic study, BP was measured in freely moving rats using telemetry during normal and high sodium intake (2% NaCl as drinking water for 2 wk). WKY rats showed a significantly higher glomerular filtration rate and increased pressure-natriuresis compared with SHR. SHR.WKY-Sa also demonstrated an increased glomerular filtration rate and enhanced pressure-natriuresis, associated with a lower tubular sodium reabsorption, compared with SHR. These modifications were accompanied by a lower basal BP in SHR.WKY-Sa compared with SHR and a markedly reduced BP response to salt load. These findings suggest that the BP QTL(s) present in this region of chromosome 1 influences BP and salt sensitivity, at least partly, by modulating pressure-natriuresis.
DOI Link: 10.1152/physiolgenomics.00057.2001
eISSN: 1531-2267
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Cardiovascular Sciences

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