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Title: Glargine versus NPH insulin: efficacy in comparison with insulin aspart in a basal bolus regimen in type 1 diabetes--the glargine and aspart study (GLASS) a randomised cross-over study.
Authors: Chatterjee, S
Jarvis-Kay, J
Rengarajan, T
Lawrence, IG
McNally, PG
Davies, MJ
First Published: Aug-2007
Citation: DIABETES RES CLIN PRACT, 2007, 77 (2), pp. 215-222
Abstract: The aim of the study was to compare the efficacy of insulin glargine and aspart with NPH insulin and aspart in a basal bolus regimen in type 1 diabetes. In this 36-week randomised open-label two-period cross-over trial, subjects received 16 weeks' treatment with either once-daily insulin glargine or twice-daily NPH insulin after 4-week run-in. Primary outcome was HbA1c and secondary outcomes were fasting plasma glucose (FPG), weight change, incidence of hypoglycaemia, effect on lipid profile and patient satisfaction. Sixty patients with type 1 diabetes were recruited (33 male, mean age 42.7 years, mean HbA1c 8.53%) with 53 completing the study. At completion, HbA1c was lower with glargine and aspart than with NPH and aspart (8.07% versus 8.26%, difference -0.19 [95% CI 0.37-0.01]%, p=0.04). FPG was significantly different between glargine and NPH (p=0.002), with mean FPG on glargine 3mmol/L lower than on NPH at the end of the study. There were no differences in hypoglycaemia rate (p=0.63), weight (p=0.45) or lipid profile (p=0.18). Patient satisfaction was greater with glargine (DTSQ, p=0.001). Three patients discontinued as they wished to remain on glargine. We suggest that glargine combined with aspart is an effective basal bolus regimen in type 1 diabetes.
DOI Link: 10.1016/j.diabres.2006.11.002
ISSN: 0168-8227
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Cardiovascular Sciences

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