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Title: Heliox for croup in children.
Authors: Vorwerk, C
Coats, T
First Published: 2010
Citation: COCHRANE DATABASE SYST REV, 2010 (2), pp. CD006822-CD006822
Abstract: Croup, a common acute clinical syndrome in children up to the age of six, is thought to be triggered by a viral infection, and is characterised by a varying degree of respiratory distress due to upper airway inflammation and oedema of the subglottic mucosa. Corticosteroids, now part of the standard treatment for croup, improve symptoms but it takes time for their full effect to be achieved. Meanwhile, the child remains at risk of deterioration and developing respiratory failure necessitating emergency intubation and ventilation. Helium-oxygen (heliox) inhalation has been successful in the treatment of upper airway obstruction. Anecdotal evidence suggests that heliox relieves respiratory distress in children, but it remains unclear whether there is robust evidence to support the implementation of heliox for croup into clinical practice.
DOI Link: 10.1002/14651858.CD006822.pub2
eISSN: 1469-493X
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Cardiovascular Sciences

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