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Title: Unconstrained parameter estimation for assessment of dynamic cerebral autoregulation.
Authors: Chacón, M
Nuñez, N
Henríquez, C
Panerai, RB
First Published: Oct-2008
Citation: PHYSIOL MEAS, 2008, 29 (10), pp. 1179-1193
Abstract: Measurement of dynamic cerebral autoregulation (CA), the transient response of cerebral blood flow (CBF) to changes in arterial blood pressure (ABP), has been performed with an index of autoregulation (ARI), related to the parameters of a second-order differential equation model, namely gain (K), damping factor (D) and time constant (T). Limitations of the ARI were addressed by increasing its numerical resolution and generalizing the parameter space. In 16 healthy subjects, recordings of ABP (Finapres) and CBF velocity (ultrasound Doppler) were performed at rest, before, during and after 5% CO(2) breathing, and for six repeated thigh cuff maneuvers. The unconstrained model produced lower predictive error (p < 0.001) than the original model. Unconstrained parameters (K'-D'-T') were significantly different from K-D-T but were still sensitive to different measurement conditions, such as the under-regulation induced by hypercapnia. The intra-subject variability of K' was significantly lower than that of the ARI and this parameter did not show the unexpected occurrences of zero values as observed with the ARI and the classical value of K. These results suggest that K' could be considered as a more stable and reliable index of dynamic autoregulation than ARI. Further studies are needed to validate this new index under different clinical conditions.
DOI Link: 10.1088/0967-3334/29/10/003
ISSN: 0967-3334
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Cardiovascular Sciences

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