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|Title:||The 'DODO' survey -I. Limits on ultra-cool substellar and planetary-mass companions to van Maanen's star (vMa2)|
|Authors:||Burleigh, M. R.|
Clarke, F. J.
Brinkworth, C. S.
Hoard, D. W.
Dobbie, P. D.
Levan, A. J.
Hodgkin, S. T.
|Publisher:||Royal Astronomical Society (RAS)|
|Citation:||Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: LETTERS, 2008, 386 (1)|
|Abstract:||We report limits in the planetary-mass regime for companions around the nearest single white dwarf to the Sun, van Maanen's star (vMa 2), from deep J-band imaging with Gemini North and Spitzer Infrared Array Camera (IRAC) mid-IR photometry. We find no resolved common proper motion companions to vMa 2 at separations from 3 to 45 arcsec, at a limiting magnitude of J≈ 23. Assuming a total age for the system of 4.1 ± 1 Gyr, and utilizing the latest evolutionary models for substellar objects, this limit is equivalent to companion masses >7 ± 1 MJup(Teff≈ 300 K). Taking into account the likely orbital evolution of very low mass companions in the post-main-sequence phase, these J-band observations effectively survey orbits around the white dwarf progenitor from 3 to 50 au. There is no flux excess detected in any of the complimentary Spitzer IRAC mid-IR filters. We fit a white dwarf model atmosphere to the optical BVRI, JHK and IRAC photometry. The best solution gives Teff= 6030 ± 240 K, log g= 8.10 ± 0.04 and, hence, M= 0.633 ± 0.022 M⊙. We then place a 3σ upper limit of 10 ± 2 MJup on the mass of any unresolved companion in the 4.5 μm band.|
|Rights:||This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society ©: 2008 the authors. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. Deposited with reference to the publisher’s archiving policy available on the SHERPA/RoMEO website.|
|Appears in Collections:||Published Articles, Dept. of Physics and Astronomy|
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