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Title: Substorm associated radar auroral surges: a statistical study and possible generation model
Authors: Shand, B. A.
Lester, Mark
Yeoman, Tim K.
First Published: 1-Apr-1998
Publisher: European Geosciences Union (EGU), Copernicus Publications, Springer Verlag (Germany)
Abstract: Substorm-associated radar auroral surges (SARAS) are a short lived (15–90 minutes) and spatially localised (~5° of latitude) perturbation of the plasma convection pattern observed within the auroral E-region. The understanding of such phenomena has important ramifications for the investigation of the larger scale plasma convection and ultimately the coupling of the solar wind, magnetosphere and ionosphere system. A statistical investigation is undertaken of SARAS, observed by the Sweden And Britain Radar Experiment (SABRE), in order to provide a more extensive examination of the local time occurrence and propagation characteristics of the events. The statistical analysis has determined a local time occurrence of observations between 1420 MLT and 2200 MLT with a maximum occurrence centred around 1700 MLT. The propagation velocity of the SARAS feature through the SABRE field of view was found to be predominately L-shell aligned with a velocity centred around 1750 m s–1 and within the range 500 m s–1 and 3500 m s–1. This comprehensive examination of the SARAS provides the opportunity to discuss, qualitatively, a possible generation mechanism for SARAS based on a proposed model for the production of a similar phenomenon referred to as sub-auroral ion drifts (SAIDs). The results of the comparison suggests that SARAS may result from a similar geophysical mechanism to that which produces SAID events, but probably occurs at a different time in the evolution of the event.
DOI Link: 10.1007/s005850050614
ISSN: 0992-7689
eISSN: 1432-0576
Type: Journal Article
Rights: Archived with reference to SHERPA/RoMEO and publisher website. © European Geosciences Union 1998. Version of record:
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Physics and Astronomy

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