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Title: The multiwavelength afterglow of GRB 050721: A puzzling rebrightening seen in the optical but not in the X-ray
Authors: Antonelli, L. A.
Testa, V.
Guetta, D.
D'Elia, V.
Fiore, F.
Stella, L.
Antonelli, L. A.
Capalbi, M.
Giommi, P.
Perri, M.
Romano, P.
Chincarini, G.
Covino, S.
D'Avanzo, P.
Fugazza, D.
Moretti, A.
Tagliaferri, G.
Campana, S.
Torii, K.
Malesani, D.
Chincarini, G.
Della Valle M
Della Valle M
Barthelmy, S.
Gehrels, N.
Burrows, D.
Nousek, J.
Cusumano, G.
La Parola V
Mangano, V.
Mineo, T.
Lazzati, D.
O'Brien, P. T.
First Published: Sep-2006
Publisher: EDP Sciences for European Southern Observatory (ESO)
Citation: Astronomy & Astrophysics, 2006, 456 (2), pp. 509-515
Abstract: Context.GRB 050721 was detected by Swift and promptly followed-up, in the X-ray by Swift itself and, in the optical band, by the VLT operated, for the first time, in rapid response mode starting observations about 25 m after the burst. A multiwavelength monitoring campaign was performed in order to study its afterglow's behavior. Aims.We present the analysis of the early and late afterglow emission in both the X-ray and optical bands, as observed by ${\it Swift}$, a robotic telescope, and the VLT. We compare early observations with late afterglow observations obtained with Swift and the VLT in different bands in order to constrain the density of the medium in which the fireball is expanding. Methods.We have analyzed both the X-ray and the optical light curves and compared the spectral energy distribution of the afterglow at two different epochs. Results.We observed an intense rebrightening in the optical band at about one day after the burst which was not seen in the X-ray band. This is the first observation of a GRB afterglow in which a rebrightening is observed in the optical but not in the X-ray band. The lack of detection in X-ray of such a strong rebrightening at lower energies may be described with a variable external density profile. In such a scenario, the combined X-ray and optical observations allow us to derive that matter located at ${\sim}10^{17}$ cm from the burst is about a factor of 10 higher than in the inner region.
DOI Link: 10.1051/0004-6361:20065283
ISSN: 0004-6361
eISSN: 1432-0746
Version: Publisher Version
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: Copyright © 2006 ESO. Reproduced with permission from Astronomy & Astrophysics, © ESO.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Physics and Astronomy

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