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Title: The Swift gamma-ray burst GRB 050422
Authors: Beardmore, A. P.
Page, K. L.
O'Brien, P. T.
Osborne, J. P.
Goad, M. R.
Godet, O.
Wells, A. A.
Kobayashi, S.
Zhang, B.
Burrows, D. N.
Capalbi, M.
Hill, J. E.
Marshall, F.
La Parola V.
First Published: 1-Feb-2007
Publisher: Royal Astronomical Society (RAS)
Citation: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 2007, 374 (4), pp. 1473-1478
Abstract: We describe observations of GRB 050422, a Swift-discovered gamma-ray burst. The prompt gamma-ray emission had a T90 duration of 59 s and was multipeaked, with the main peak occurring at T+ 53 s. Swift was able to follow the X-ray afterglow within 100 s of the burst trigger. The X-ray light curve, which shows a steep early decline, can be described by a broken power law with an initial decay slope of α1∼ 5.0, a break time tb∼ 270 s and a post-break decay slope of α2∼ 0.9, when the zero time of the X-ray emission is taken to be the burst trigger time. However, if the zero time is shifted to coincide with the onset of main peak in the gamma-ray light curve then the initial decay slope is shallower with α1∼ 3.2. The initial gamma-ray spectrum can be modelled by a power law with a spectral index of βB= 0.50 ± 0.19. However, the early time X-ray spectrum is significantly steeper than this and requires a spectral index of βX= 2.33+0.58−0.55. In comparison with other Swift bursts, GRB 050422 was unusually X-ray faint, had a soft X-ray spectrum, and had an unusually steep early X-ray decline. Even so, its behaviour can be accommodated by standard models. The combined BAT/XRT light curve indicates that the initial, steeply declining, X-ray emission is related to the tail of the prompt gamma-ray emission. The shallower decay seen after the break is consistent with the standard afterglow model.
DOI Link: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2006.11249.x
ISSN: 0035-8711
eISSN: 1365-2966
Version: Publisher Version
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society ©: 2006 the authors. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. Deposited with reference to the publisher’s archiving policy available on the SHERPA/RoMEO website.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Physics and Astronomy

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