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Title: The circumburst environment of a FRED GRB: Study of the prompt emission and X-ray/optical afterglow of GRB 051111
Authors: Guidorzi, C.
Gomboc, A.
Kobayashi, S.
Mundell, C. G.
Bode, M. F.
Carter, D.
Melandri, A.
Monfardini, A.
Mottram, C. J.
Smith, R. J.
Steele, I. A.
Gomboc, A.
Rol, E.
O'Brien, P. T.
Page, K. L.
Tanvir, N. R.
La Parola V
Monfardini, A.
Monfardini, A.
Sakamoto, T.
Tanvir, N. R.
Guidorzi, C.
First Published: Feb-2007
Publisher: EDP Sciences for European Southern Observatory (ESO)
Citation: Astronomy & Astrophysics, 2007, 463 (2), pp. 539-550
Abstract: Aims.We report a multi-wavelength analysis of the prompt emission and early afterglow of GRB 051111 and discuss its properties in the context of current fireball models. Methods.The detection of GRB 051111 by the Burst Alert Telescope on-board Swift triggered early BVRi' observations with the 2-m robotic Faulkes Telescope North in Hawaii, as well as X-ray observations with the Swift X-Ray Telescope. Results.The prompt $\gamma$-ray emission shows a classical FRED profile. The optical afterglow light curves are fitted with a broken power law, with ${\alpha}_1=0.35$ to ${\alpha}_2=1.35$ and a break time around 12 min after the GRB. Although contemporaneous X-ray observations were not taken, a power law connection between the $\gamma$-ray tail of the FRED temporal profile and the late XRT flux decay is feasible. Alternatively, if the X-ray afterglow tracks the optical decay, this would represent one of the first GRBs for which the canonical steep-shallow-normal decay typical of early X-ray afterglows has been monitored optically. We present a detailed analysis of the intrinsic extinction, elemental abundances and spectral energy distribution. From the absorption measured in the low X-ray band we find possible evidence for an overabundance of some $\alpha$ elements such as oxygen, [O/Zn] = 0.7 $\pm$ 0.3, or, alternatively, for a significant presence of molecular gas. The IR-to-X-ray Spectral Energy Distribution measured at 80 min after the burst is consistent with the cooling break lying between the optical and X-ray bands. Extensive modelling of the intrinsic extinction suggests dust with big grains or grey extinction profiles. The early optical break is due either to an energy injection episode or, less probably, to a stratified wind environment for the circumburst medium.
DOI Link: 10.1051/0004-6361:20065974
ISSN: 0004-6361
eISSN: 1432-0746
Version: Publisher Version
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: Copyright © 2007 ESO. Reproduced with permission from Astronomy & Astrophysics, © ESO.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Physics and Astronomy

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