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Title: Formation of planets by tidal downsizing of giant planet embryos
Authors: Nayakshin, Sergei
First Published: 1-Oct-2010
Publisher: Oxford University Press (OUP)
Citation: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: LETTERS, 2010, 408 (1)
Abstract: We hypothesize that planets are made by tidal downsizing of migrating giant planet embryos. The proposed scheme for planet formation consists of these steps: (i) a massive young protoplanetary disc fragments at R ∼ several tens to hundreds of au on gaseous clumps with masses of a few Jupiter masses; (ii) the clumps cool and contract, and simultaneously migrate closer in to the parent star; (iii) as earlier suggested by Boss, dust sediments inside the gas clumps to form terrestrial mass solid cores; (iv) if the solid core becomes more massive than Graphic , a massive gas atmosphere collapses on to the solid core and (v) when the gas clumps reach the inner few au from the star, tidal shear and evaporation due to stellar irradiation peel off the outer metal-poor envelope of the clump. If tidal disruption occurs quickly, while the system is still in stage (iii), a terrestrial planet core is left. If it happens later, in stage (iv), a metal-rich gas giant planet with a solid core emerges from the envelope.
DOI Link: 10.1111/j.1745-3933.2010.00923.x
ISSN: 1745-3933
Version: Publisher Version
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society ©: 2010 the authors. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. Deposited with reference to the publisher’s archiving policy available on the SHERPA/RoMEO website.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Physics and Astronomy

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