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Title: Geomagnetic storms over the last solar cycle: A superposed epoch analysis
Authors: Hutchinson, J. A.
Wright, D. M.
Milan, S. E.
First Published: 13-Sep-2011
Publisher: American Geophysical Union (AGU); Wiley
Citation: Journal of Geophysical Research A: SPACE PHYSICS, 2011, 116 (9)
Abstract: [1] Presented here is a discussion of the results of a superposed epoch analysis of geomagnetic storms over the last solar cycle. Storms, identified by means of their characteristic SYM-H evolution, are separated by size into weak (−150 < SYM-H ≤ −80) nT, moderate (−300 < SYM-H ≤ −150) nT, and intense (SYM-H ≤ −300) nT categories. Where possible, the corresponding solar wind (SW) onset mechanisms were located by means of 1 min ACE OMNI data. Intense storms were observed to be driven solely by coronal mass ejections (CMEs); moderate storms were dominated by CME onset, while only weak storms were driven by both CMEs and corotating interaction regions (CIRs) at a ratio of ∼2:1, respectively. As might be expected, more intense storms resulted from the largest SW enhancements. Individual storm phase durations for different storm sizes were investigated, revealing that the duration of the main phase increases with storm size to a critical point, then decreases for more intense storms, contrary to the findings of a previous study by Yokoyama and Kamide (1997). Various SW-magnetosphere coupling functions were investigated for this data set in an attempt to estimate storm size from SW conditions.
DOI Link: 10.1029/2011JA016463
ISSN: 0148-0227
Version: Publisher Version
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: Copyright © 2011 by the American Geophysical Union. All rights reserved. Archived with reference to Usage Permissions granted to authors, available at
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Physics and Astronomy

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