Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Impact of phosphorus control measures on in-river phosphorus retention associated with point source pollution
Authors: Demars, B. O. L.
Harper, David M.
Pitt, J. A.
Slaughter, R.
First Published: 1-Feb-2005
Publisher: European Geosciences Union
Citation: Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 2005, 9 (1/2), pp.43-55
Abstract: In-river phosphorus retention alters the quantity and timings of phosphorus delivery to downstream aquatic systems. Many intensive studies of in-river phosphorus retention have been carried out but generally on a short time scale (2-4 years). In this paper, monthly water quality data, collected by the Environment Agency of England and Wales over 12 years (1990-2001), were used to model daily phosphorus fluxes and monthly in-river phosphorus retention in the lowland calcareous River Wensum, Norfolk, UK. The calibrated model explained 79% and 89% of the observed variance before and after phosphorus control, respectively. A split test revealed that predicted TP loads were in good agreement with observed TP loads (r[superscript 2]=0.85), although TP loads were underestimated under high flow conditions. During relatively dry years, there was no net export of phosphorus from the catchment. High retention of phosphorus occurred, particularly during the summer months, which was not compensated for, by subsequent higher flow events. This was despite a relatively modest critical discharge (Q) above which net remobilisation occur. Phosphorus removal from the effluent at two major STWs (Sewage Treatment Works) reduced phosphorus retention but not the remobilisation. This may indicate that the presence of impoundments and weirs, or overbank flows may have more control on the phosphorus dynamics under high flow conditions. Further phosphorus remedial strategies will be necessary to prevent downstream risks of eutrophication occurring independently of the unpredictable variability in weather conditions. More research is also needed to quantify the impact of the weir and overbank flows on phosphorus dynamics.
DOI Link: 10.5194/hess-9-43-2005
ISSN: 1027-5606
eISSN: 1607-7938
Version: Publisher Version
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Article
Rights: Copyright © Author(s) 2005. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.5 License (CC BY-NC-SA).
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Geography

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
2381_2143.pdfPublished (publisher PDF)1.03 MBAdobe PDFView/Open

Items in LRA are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.