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Title: Nicotine, alcohol and drug dependence, and psychiatric comorbidity--results of a national household survey.
Authors: Farrell, M
Howes, S
Bebbington, P
Brugha, T
Jenkins, R
Lewis, G
Marsden, J
Taylor, C
Meltzer, H
First Published: Feb-2003
Citation: INT REV PSYCHIATRY, 2003, 15 (1-2), pp. 50-56
Abstract: There is a well-recognized relationship between substance use disorders and other psychiatric disorders. This relationship has been well documented in a range of population-based studies. This study aims to report on consumption patterns of and dependence on nicotine, alcohol, and non-prescribed drugs and to report on the levels of psychiatric morbidity in these groups. A national household study of psychiatric morbidity was conducted in England and Wales. Psychiatric assessment was based on the Clinical Interview Schedule-Revised (CIS-R). Measures of nicotine, alcohol and drug use and dependence were obtained. This paper compares the levels of psychiatric morbidity in the non-dependent and the nicotine-, alcohol- and drug-dependent cases. Twelve per cent of the non-dependent population were assessed as having any psychiatric disorder compared with 22% of the nicotine-dependent, 30% of the alcohol-dependent, and 45% of the drug-dependent population. There is a clear relationship between dependence on nicotine, alcohol, and drugs and other psychiatric morbidity.
DOI Link: 10.1080/0954026021000045949
ISSN: 0954-0261
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Health Sciences

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