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|Title:||The effects of endomorphin-1 and endomorphin-2 in CHO cells expressing recombinant mu-opioid receptors and SH-SY5Y cells.|
|Citation:||BR J PHARMACOL, 1999, 128 (2), pp. 472-478|
|Abstract:||1 Endomorphin-1 and -2 (E-1/E-2) have been proposed as endogenous ligands for the mu-opioid receptor. The aims of this study are to characterize the binding of E-1/E-2 and the subsequent effects on cyclic AMP formation and [Ca2+]i levels in SH-SY5Y and Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells expressing endogenous and recombinant mu-opioid receptors. 2 E-1 displaced [3H]-diprenorphine ([3H]-DPN) binding in CHO micro and SH-SY5Y membranes with pKi values of 8.02+/-0.09 and 8.54+/-0.13 respectively. E-2 displaced [3H]-DPN binding in CHOmu and SH-SY5Y cells with pKi values of 7.82+/-0.11 and 8.43+/-0.13 respectively. E-1/E-2 bound weakly to CHOdelta and CHOkappa membranes, with IC50 values of greater than 10 microM. 3 In CHOmu cells, E-1/E-2 inhibited forskolin (1 microM) stimulated cyclic AMP formation with pIC50 values of 8.03+/-0.16 (Imax = 53.0+/-9. 3%) and 8.15+/-0.24 (Imax = 56.3+/-3.8%) respectively. In SH-SY5Y cells E1/E2 inhibited forskolin stimulated cyclic AMP formation with pIC50 values of 7.72+/-0.13 (Imax=46.9+/-5.6%) and 8.11+/-0.31 (Imax = 40.2+/-2.8%) respectively. 4 E-1/E-2 (1 microM) increased [Ca2+]i in fura-2 loaded CHOmu cell suspensions in a thapsigargin sensitive and naloxone reversible manner. Mean increases observed were 106+/-28 and 69+/-6.7 nM respectively. In single adherent cells E-1/E-2 (1 microM) increased [Ca2+]i with a mean 340/380 ratio change of 0.81+/-0.09 and 0.40+/-0.08 ratio units respectively. E-1/E-2 failed to increase intracellular calcium in CHOdelta, CHOkappa and SH-SY5Y cells. 5 These data show that E-1/E-2 bind with high affinity and selectivity to mu-opioid receptors and modulate signal transduction pathways typical of opioids. This provides further evidence that these two peptides may be endogenous ligands at the mu-opioid receptor.|
|Appears in Collections:||Published Articles, Dept. of Health Sciences|
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