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|Title:||Phosphorylation and regulation of a Gq/11-coupled receptor by casein kinase 1alpha.|
|Citation:||J BIOL CHEM, 2000, 275 (26), pp. 19667-19675|
|Abstract:||Agonist-mediated receptor phosphorylation by one or more of the members of the G-protein receptor kinase (GRK) family is an established model for G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) phosphorylation resulting in receptor desensitization. Our recent studies have, however, suggested that an alternative route to GPCR phosphorylation may be an operation involving casein kinase 1alpha (CK1alpha). In the current study we investigate the involvement of CK1alpha in the phosphorylation of the human m3-muscarinic receptor in intact cells. We show that expression of a catalytically inactive mutant of CK1alpha, designed to act in a dominant negative manner, inhibits agonist-mediated receptor phosphorylation by approximately 40% in COS-7 and HEK-293 cells. Furthermore, we present evidence that a peptide corresponding to the third intracellular loop of the m3-muscarinic receptor (Ser(345)-Leu(463)) is an inhibitor of CK1alpha due to its ability to both act as a pseudo-substrate for CK1alpha and form a high affinity complex with CK1alpha. Expression of this peptide was able to reduce both basal and agonist-mediated m3-muscarinic receptor phosphorylation in intact cells. These results support the notion that CK1alpha is able to mediate GPCR phosphorylation in an agonist-dependent manner and that this may provide a novel mechanism for GPCR phosphorylation. The functional role of phosphorylation was investigated using a mutant of the m3-muscarinic receptor that showed an approximately 80% reduction in agonist-mediated phosphorylation. Surprisingly, this mutant underwent agonist-mediated desensitization suggesting that, unlike many GPCRs, desensitization of the m3-muscarinic receptor is not mediated by receptor phosphorylation. The inositol (1,4, 5)-trisphosphate response did, however, appear to be dramatically potentiated in the phosphorylation-deficient mutant indicating that phosphorylation may instead control the magnitude of the initial inositol phosphate response.|
|Appears in Collections:||Published Articles, Dept. of Cell Physiology and Pharmacology|
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