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Title: Papillary thyroid carcinoma oncogene (RET/PTC) alters the nuclear envelope and chromatin structure.
Authors: Fischer, AH
Bond, JA
Taysavang, P
Battles, OE
Wynford-Thomas, D
First Published: Nov-1998
Citation: AM J PATHOL, 1998, 153 (5), pp. 1443-1450
Abstract: Current evidence suggests the papillary thyroid carcinoma oncogene (RET/PTC) generates papillary thyroid carcinomas in one genetic step. We tested a resulting prediction that RET/PTC expression in thyroid epithelium should be sufficient to cause the changes in nuclear morphology diagnostic of this tumor. Primary cultures of human thyroid epithelial cells were infected with a RET/PTC retroviral construct. Morphological scoring by two independent cytopathologists shows RET/PTC expression by immunohistochemistry to be highly associated (p < 0.0001) with an irregular nuclear contour and a euchromatic appearance compared with non-expressing cells in the same cultures. The altered nuclear morphology is not due to gene transfer or transformation per se as primary thyroid cell cultures infected with a retroviral H-RAS construct differ from RET/PTC-infected cells by showing round nuclear envelopes and coarser chromatin, as determined by the independent scoring of two cytopathologists (p < 0.0001). In addition, RET/ PTC-transfected cells appear to disperse, whereas RAS-transfected cells grow as discrete colonies. The results provide additional support for the hypothesis that RET/PTC is sufficient to cause papillary thyroid carcinomas. A signaling pathway downstream of RET/ PTC leads to restructuring of the nuclear envelope and chromatin, and the signal does not depend entirely, if at all, on a RAS pathway.
DOI Link: 10.1016/S0002-9440(10)65731-8
ISSN: 0002-9440
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Cancer Studies and Molecular Medicine

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