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Title: Endomorphin-1 induced desensitization and down-regulation of the recombinant mu-opioid receptor.
Authors: Harrison, C
Rowbotham, DJ
Grandy, DK
Lambert, DG
First Published: Nov-2000
Citation: BR J PHARMACOL, 2000, 131 (6), pp. 1220-1226
Abstract: 1. Endomorphin-1 (E1) is a peptide with high affinity and selectivity for the mu-opioid receptor. The aim of this study was to determine if endomorphin-1 caused desensitization and down-regulation of the mu-opioid receptor expressed in Chinese hamster ovary cells. 2. Following 10 microM E1 pre-treatment, desensitization was assessed by measuring cyclic AMP inhibition, down-regulation was assessed by [(3)H]-diprenorphine ([(3)H]-DPN) binding and immuno-blotting. 3. Pre-treatment of CHO mu cells with 10 microM E1 for 11 and 18 h caused significant reduction in cyclic AMP inhibition. (11 h=39.0+/-16.7%, 18 h 47.0+/-11.1% reduction). 4. At 18 h E1 pre-treatment there was an enhancement (4.5 fold) of cyclic AMP production under forskolin stimulated conditions accompanied by a small rightward shift in the concentration-response curve (pEC(50) control=7.8+/-0.3, pEC(50) E1=7.3+/-0.2) when cells were re-challenged with E1. 5. In membranes prepared from untreated and 0.5 h E1 pre-treated cells, addition of GTP gamma S produced a significant rightward shift in the concentration response curves for E1 displacement of [(3)H]-DPN (0 h K(i) control=7.86+/-0.11, GTP gamma S=7.37+/-0.15; 0.5 h K(i) control=7.92+/-0.12, GTP gamma S=7.36+/-0.08) This was not observed in membranes prepared from cells that had been treated with E1 for 18 h (18 h K(i) control=7.69+/-0. 11, GTP gamma S=7.75+/-0.08). 6. In whole cells E1 treatment caused a rapid loss of cell surface receptors such that at 0.5 h there was a 30.5+/-1.5 reduction (this was unchanged for 18 h). In crude membranes a loss of receptors was also observed using radioligand binding or immuno-blotting protocols. 7. These data show that E1 causes desensitization and down-regulation of the rat mu-opioid receptor expressed in CHO cells. However, these two responses appear temporally distinct.
DOI Link: 10.1038/sj.bjp.0703683
ISSN: 0007-1188
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Health Sciences

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