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Title: A novel method for poly(A) fractionation reveals a large population of mRNAs with a short poly(A) tail in mammalian cells
Authors: Meijer, H. A.
Bushell, M.
Hill, K.
Willis, A. E.
de Moor C. H.
Jones, P.
Gant, Timothy W.
First Published: 11-Oct-2007
Publisher: Oxford University Press (OUP)
Citation: Nucleic Acids Research, 2007, 35 (19)
Abstract: The length of the poly(A) tail of an mRNA plays an important role in translational efficiency, mRNA stability and mRNA degradation. Regulated polyadenylation and deadenylation of specific mRNAs is involved in oogenesis, embryonic development, spermatogenesis, cell cycle progression and synaptic plasticity. Here we report a new technique to analyse the length of poly(A) tails and to separate a mixed population of mRNAs into fractions dependent on the length of their poly(A) tails. The method can be performed on crude lysate or total RNA, is fast, highly reproducible and minor changes in poly(A) tail length distribution are easily detected. We validated the method by analysing mRNAs known to undergo cytoplasmic polyadenylation during Xenopus laevis oocyte maturation. We then separated RNA from NIH3T3 cells into two fractions with short and long poly(A) tails and compared them by microarray analysis. In combination with the validation experiments, the results indicate that ∼25% of the expressed genes have a poly(A) tail of less than 30 residues in a significant percentage of their transcripts.
DOI Link: 10.1093/nar/gkm830
ISSN: 0305-1048
eISSN: 1362-4962
Type: Journal Article
Rights: © 2007 The Author(s) This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Biochemistry

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