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Title: Generation of DeltaTAp73 proteins by translation from a putative internal ribosome entry site.
Authors: Sayan, AE
Roperch, JP
Sayan, BS
Rossi, M
Pinkoski, MJ
Knight, RA
Willis, AE
Melino, G
First Published: Jan-2007
Citation: ANN N Y ACAD SCI, 2007, 1095, pp. 315-324
Abstract: p73 belongs to a family of transcription factors, including p53 and p63, that mediate response to DNA damage and cellular stress by inducing DNA repair, cell cycle arrest, and apoptosis. TP73 gene contains two promotors and several splice variants resulting in up to 24 possible permutations of p73 proteins which underlies the complexity of the family and its regulatory mechanisms. p73 variants lacking the N-terminal, denoted as DeltaTAp73, are not transcriptionally competent and they act in a dominant negative fashion over TAp73. DeltaTAp73 isoforms can be generated by alternative promotor usage, giving rise to DeltaNp73, or alternative splicing of exons 2, 3 or 2, and 3 together. Such transcript isoforms potentially produce oncogenic proteins and they were shown to be present in primary tumors and tumor-derived cell lines. We investigated the possibility of additional mechanisms by which p73 protein could be regulated and discovered a putative internal ribosome entry site (IRES) in exon 2. Translation initiation of TAp73 mRNA results in a DeltaNp73-like peptide, thus demonstrating an additional mechanism whereby a DeltaTA p73 protein is produced from a transcript originally generated from the P1 promotor of the p73 gene.
DOI Link: 10.1196/annals.1397.035
ISSN: 0077-8923
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Biochemistry

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